At the district headquarters, a Deputy Director, Agriculture, who is assisted by Agriculture Officers and at the sub-division level by Sub-Divisional Agricultural Officers, controls the department.
District Jind has been divided into nine circles. Circle Agriculture Officer supervises and is assisted by Agriculture Development Officer. Training and visit system is in the progress in department since 1974. One Agriculture Development officer is appointed on an average 800 affective operating farm families. Circle Agriculture Officer is closely and affectively guiding usually 8 Agriculture Development officers. The each circle of Agriculture Development officer is divided into 8 groups. Each group is visited by A.D.O. on one of the 8 days assigned in each fortnight to regular, fixed visits.
The Agriculture Department guides the farmers in the application of latest agricultural techniques which include intensive method of cultivation for higher production, new cropping patterns, preparation of crop plans, control of various pests and diseases affecting agricultural crops, use of fertilizers and improved seeds and laying out demonstration plots to show the cultivators the superiority of the strains and agronomic practices. The Agriculture Inspectors impart training and education to the farmers in their respective areas on matters relating to improved techniques and better farm management.
Agriculture is the mainstay of the bulk of population (86%) of the Jind District. Rapid advances have been made in this field after the formation of the Haryana in 1966. With the provision of better irrigational and other facilities, the primitive agricultural practices are fast yielding place to modern mechanised farming and agricultural production is continually increasing..
Agriculture is the chief occupation of the people of the district. After Independence, most of the area fit for cultivation has been brought under the plough. The district made remarkable progress in agriculture after the formation of Haryana in November 1966.
The production of foodgrains has increased form 278.30 thousand tones in 74-75 to 954 thousand tones in year 96-97.
The soils of the Jind district according to physical characteristics, may be divided as below:
Sandy - This soil locally called retili dharti, is found in all the blocks of the district. Bajra and gram crops are mostly grown in these soils.
Clay - This soil locally called Dakar is found in parts of Safidon, Kalayat and Rajaund blocks. If properly managed, these soils are highly suitable for the cultivation of paddy, which is fast becoming an important crop of the district.
Kallar or Rehi- This soil is found in Safidon and Kalayat blocks of the district. The general appearance of landscape of this soil is just a white floor with brownish-black background having alkaline salts of 2 to 4 inches depth over the surface.
In general, there is a deficiency of nitrogen and organic matter in the soils, but the phosphorus content ranges from low to medium. It is, therefore, evident that, for obtaining good yields, the soils need heavy manuring with nitrogenous and phosphatic fertilizers soils.
There are two well-defined crops, Kharif and Rabi. The major Kharif crops (locally called samni are sugarcane, cotton jowar, bajra and rice while major Rabi crops (locally called sadhi are wheat, gram, barley, and oil seeds. Potatoes, onions, chillies, oilseeds, cotton and sugarcane are the main cash crops of the district.
Rice (Paddy) : There has been a considerable increase in the cultivation of paddy in the district. The area of Rice crops has increased to 71,300 hect in 96-97 as compared to 12,000 hect in 1974-75 due to development of irrigation facilities. The production augmented to 2,15,000 tonnes in 1996-97 from 20,000 tonnes of 73-74. High yielding variety of Rice grown is Jaya, PR-106, HKR-130, HKR-126, IR-64, Pausa-33, and Gobind etc. In Basmati group, Basmati-370, Haryana Basmati no. 1, HBc-19 is grown.
Bajra : A bajra is one of the major crops of this district. It constitutes an important item of food during the winter season.
The area under bajra dropped to 36,000 hect 1996-97 due to diversion of area to rice crops consequent upon development of irrigation facilities. Popular variety of Hybird bajra are HHb-60, 67,68,50, Nandi and composite variety are HC-4, WCC-75.
Wheat It is the principal Rabi food grain crop of the district. It is mostly grown under irrigated conditions.
Area of this crop increased to 1,71,400 hect in 95-96 and production reached to 7,21,000 tonnes. The main variety grown is WH-283, WH-542, HD-2285, PBW-343, UP-2338, HD-2329, and Raj-3765 etc.
Gram Gram constitutes a major Rabi food grain crop of the district next to wheat. Its importance lies in the fact that it forms a good diet both for human beings and cattle. It is consumed right from the germination to the grain development stage and is used for variety of purposes
The area under this crop reduced to 7200 hect. In 95-96 due to sifting the area to wheat crop due to availability of more irrigation facilities. The varieties of gram are H-208, G-24, C-235, and And HC-! Gora Hisar L-1444 and Gorav etc.
Pulses : Besides gram, moong, mash (urd) and masur (massar) are the three other pulses grown in the district.
Sugarcane:- It is an important cash crop of the district and is mostly grown under irrigated conditions.
The area under the crop covered during 96-97 was 12000 hect. With a production of 65000 tonnes. The popular varieties grown are CO-1717, COJ-64, COH-99, CO1148, and COH-35 etc.
Cotton:- It is another important cash crop of the district. The crop has two varieties, viz Desi and American. The Desi variety is grown in most of the area under crop.
The area under American cotton and Desi Cotton in the year 19 95-96 was 54.7 thousands hect & 12.7 thousands hectare respectively in comparision to total 19.7 thousands hect in 1974-75
Toria and Sarson:- (Rape and mustard) are the main oilseed crops of the district; til (sesame) and linseed crop are grown on small patches of the land. Groundnut is not sown in any part of the district, as the agro-climatic conditions prevailing in the district do not suit the cultivation of this crop. Potatoes, chilies, onions and vegetables are among the minor crops of the district. Chilies are grown in Jind and Safidon blocks of the district.
The area under oilseed crop in 1995-96 has been reduced to 13,000 hect due to diversion of area to wheat crop.
The district has about 10 % of its total cropped area under fodder crops. The important among the fodder crops are Jowar, gawar and berseem; the stalks of Jowar and bajra and the chaff of wheat, gram and minor cereals are used as animal feed.
Fruits Crops And Gardens
The important fruits grown in the district are grapes and mangoes, which are grown in Jind, Narwana and Safidon. There is a wide scope for the extension of the area under fruits with the availability of water facilities and loans from the government for the cultivaiton of grapes.
Improvement in agricultural implements is the pre-requisite of any improvement in agriculture. Farmers are adopting modern implements according to their purchasing power and the suitability of the implements for their use. A description of agricultural implements in common use in the district is given below:
Plough : It may be made of wood or iron, but the one in common use is made of kikar wood, manufactured by the village carpenter. It merely scratches the soil upto 4 or 5 inches. The chief defect in it lies in one fact that it leaves ridges of unploughed land between the V-shaped furrows which it makes. The plough also fails to eradicate weeds properly. However, a sturdy and intelligent farmer makes full and efficient use of the plough with a strong pair of oxen. Still, in the small landholdings and fragmented and non-contiguous plots, the plough is very much suited and it does not disturb the level of the land. It consists of a wooden beam (Ral), a small piece of wood (chou) carrying a pali (an iron plough share) any yoke for bullocks.
Bullock-Cart : It is generally used by the farmers for carrying loads from one place to another, e.g. for carrying the farm produce to the threshing ground, grains to the homestead and to the market, and for other transportation needs, The carts are mostly locally manufactured. There is little difference between the type and price of cart manufactured in different parts of the district. Wheels made exclusively of iron are fast replacing the wooden ones.
Cane Crusher : It is an important implement for crushing the sugarcane. It is mostly used on a co-operative basis. The steel crushers have replaced the old wooden crushers. Most of the cane crushed is for, the manufacture of gur and khandam.
Other Implements : A number of other tools and implements such as spade, kasola (hoe), pors (seed drill), kuhari and dranti also used in the district. Despite the small size of land holding modern implements are being generally adopted by the farmers better use and higher agriculture production.
Good seeds considerably enhance the agricultural production. Much publicity and efforts are made by the Agriculture Department to popularize the use of improved seeds among the farmers. The departments also undertake the multiplication and distribution of improved seeds to the farmers.
Haryana seeds Development Corporation undertakes the multiplication & distribution of improved seeds to the farmers. The high yielding varieties the seeds being popularized are as under: -
Wheat:- Local improved C-306, Exotic High Yielding Varieties: Wh-283, 542,Hd-2285, PBW-343, UP-2338, HD-2329 etc.
Rice:- Basmati Group-Basmati-370, Haryana Basmati no. 1 HBC-19, High yielding variety, Jaya, PR-106, HKR-120, 126,Gobind etc.
Gram:- C-235, Gorav, L-144, and G-24
Barley:- C-164, BG-125, BH-75, And BG-105
Sugarcane:- CO-1148, 1158,COJ-767, CO? H-99, COH-35 etc
Bajra:- Hybird-HHB-50, 60,67,68
Jowar:- J.S.20, J.S. 263 and J.S. 29/1
In recent year, the use of manure and fertilizers has considerably increased, since along with improved seeds they constitute the lifeblood of the new agricultural strategy. With the change of social and economic attitudes, the farmers use not only chemical fertilizers but also compost of dung and other wastes useful as land manure for improving the fertility of the soil. Green manuring has been found to be quite cheap and the chemical fertilizers applied with it, give better results.
Chemical Fertilizers:- Since the soil of the district is deficient in organic matter and nitrogen; chemical fertilizers are essential for increasing crop yields. These are used alone or in combination with organic manures.
The district wholesale co-operative society distributes the fertilizers to the marketing societies and sub-depots.
Urban Compost:- Urban wastes are useful as plant food ingredients. Over the past five years, efforts have been made to conserve these wastes for manorial purposes. The municipalities of Jind Narwana, Safidon and Uchana have been preparing compost in the district.
Rural Compost:- Rural compost is prepared from the dung and other waste material. The extension workers in the village guide the farmers in the preparation of the compost. The government is popularizing Gobar Gas plants, which serve the twin purpose of providing manure as well as fuel for cooking.
Green Manuring:- Green manuring is very useful for raising the fertility of the soil as it directly adds nitrogen to the soil. It also improves the texture of the soil by the addition of organic matter. The addition of organic matter improves both heavy and sandy soils for it has a binding effect on the loose particles of sandy soil and make the tough and heavy soil friable. It creates better conditions for the increase of useful bacteria in the soil.
AGRICULTURAL PESTS AND DISEASES
The various pests and diseases, which damage the foodgrain and commercial crops, fruits and vegetables in the district, are given below: -
|1||Crop, pests and diseases|| (a)Sugarcane top-borer
(b) Sugarcane stem-borer
(c) Sugarcane pyrilla
(d) Gurdaspur borer
(e) Rice bug
(f) Cotton jassid
(g) Sarson aphis
(h) Maiza top borer
(i) Rustss of wheat
|2||Fruit pests and diseases||(a) Mango hopper
(b) Mango mealy bug
(c) Citrus canker
(d) Lemon cater-pillar
|3||Vegetables pests:||(a) Potato and bhindi jassid
(b) Singhara beetle
(c) Brinjal hadda
(d) Red pumpkin beetle
|4||Stored grain pests||(a) Dhora
|5||Miscellaneous pests:||(a) Field rats
|6||Obnoxious Weeds||(a) Bathua, Pohli, Piazi, Mena, etc.|
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT
The district has fairly large number of live stock including cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats, horses, ponnies, donkeys, pigs & poultry. The lives stock population of the district according to survey was about 6.72558 Lacs. The following table gives tehsil-wise relative figures.
* (In Hundred)
Poultry:- 10472 (Backyard)
CATTLE AND BUFFALOES
Live stock wealth is an index to the country’s prosperity. In a state where the holdings are small and fragmented and the collective and co-operative farming is practically non-existant, cattle form the backbone of economy. Agricultural and live stock improvement programme go hand in hand for revolutionizing the economy. The essential equipment of the farmer used to be a pair of oxen/ buffaloes to do the ploughing and to draw the cart. Even though the bullocks have been replaced by tractors, yet the importance of cattle in agriculture economy remains almost unchanged on account of the yield of milk, manure, skins and hides.
The district is well known for Murrah breed of buffaloes and Haryana breed of cows. Thousands of good quality Murrah buffaloes are exported annually to the Metropolitan cities. The Cows are mainly kept for breeding calves and partly on religious grounds. Murrah buffaloes are amongst the most efficient milk and butter-fat producers in India.
The figures of Artificial Insemination done and Calves born year-wise are given as under:-
|YEAR||ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION||CALVES BORN|
Scheme For Preservation Of Murrah Breed Of Buffaloesh Breed Of Buffaloes
Gaushalas, according to the old concept, were the institutions opened under religious sentiments to house the unproductive and useless Cattle and were run on charity. To give a new meaning to the old concept, an idea was mooted to convert these institutions into cattle breeding-cum-milk production centres with some financial assistance and technical guidance.
1. Shri Sawami Gaurakshanand Gaushala Jindan Johar Safidon
2. Gaushala Association Safidon Mandi
3. Rashtriya Gaushala Dharoli
4. Shri Aarsh Mahavidhyalya Gurukul Gaushala Kalwa
5. Dada Ramchar Tirth and Bharat Sewa Samiti Danoda
6. Baba Jamininaath Gaushala Seva Samiti Tharodi
7. Aadrhs Gaushala, Gauraksha Dal Dhanori
8. Shri Karan Gaushala, Uchana Khurd
10. Baba Dilip Giri Gaushala, Baroda
11. Somnath Gaushala Jind
12. Shri Gaushala Jind
13. Gopal Gau Sadan Jind
14. Shri Balaji Gaushala Jind
15. Shri Sawami Goraksha Gaushala Julana
16. Shri Krishan Gaushala Nagura
17. Shri Krishan Gaushala Samiti Pandu Pindara
18. Baba Gaushai Khera Gaushala, Gaushai Khera
19. Baba Sukhdev Muni Gaushala Dhani Ramgarh
20.Madan Mohan Tirth Gaushala Muana
21. Baba Mastnath Lawarish Pashupidit Gau Sewa Sangh Jind
Gaushalas at S.No. 1 and 2 are maintaining a herd of pure breed of Haryana. They are doing a yeoman service for the preservation and maintenance of almost vanishing breed of Haryana Cows. To encourage such Gaushalas, Grant-in-aid is being given by Govt. of Haryana and Govt. of India.ovt. of India.
The commoon animal diseases prevalent in the district are foot & mouth disease, Haemorrhagic septicemia, Surra and Parasitic diseases both internal and external.
FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE
Locally known as”muh khur”, it generally occurs during the Winter season. In the initial stage which lasts for three-four days there is watery discharge from the mouth. There are lesions in the mouth, inside the hoof. This disease, though not fatal, is contagious and spreads through contact. It also causes great economic losses by reducing milk yield of lactating animals and disabling the working cattle. Regular arrangements for treatment of effected cattle exist at all Veterinary institutions. To check this disease, preventive Vaccination is carried out in cattle and buffaloes. FMDCP Programme was initiated in year 2003 1st phase 19th phase running No case of FMD seen from 2003.
HAEMORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIAORRHAGIC SEPTICALMIA
Total 934910 number of animals vaccinated against this disease during the year- 2014-15.
Locally known as sitla is an acute febrile and highly contageous disease affecting cattle and buffaloes. There is 100% mortality in affected animals.
District Jind and Haryana State as a whole has been declared as Rinderpest free state. No case of Rinderpest disease has been reported for the last ten years. This had been possible by immunizing the whole population of the state by the field Veterinarians and by setting check posts on State borders where the out going in coming animals were also vaccinated.
TREATMENT OF CATTLE DISEASE
Various preventive and Curative measures are taken up the Animal Husbandry Department to combat various types of disease.
Number of cases treated against various disease during the year 1997-98, 235867, 1998-99, 269158 and 1999-2000, 222807 No serious out break of any particulars disease has been reported from this area since 1998.
Traditionally dairy farming had been in the hands of small farmers and landless agricultural laborers in the villages. The more affluent farmers kept cattle for their own needs. Milk and ghee were not adulterated.
With the increase in population and fast urbanization the demand for milk and milk products has gone up and the traditional dairy farming has been revolutionized into modern dairy farming.
Jind district is a part of the tract famous for Murrah Buffaloes and Haryana Cows and so occupies an important place in the development of dairying in the state. Keeping in view the locational advantage, the first milk plant of the state was set up at Jind which started functioning on 5th December, 1970.
This was the beginning of the white Revolution era in the state. This plant has the handling capacity of 50,000 Litres of milk per day and manufactures “VITA” brand of ghee, butter milk power etc which are popular throughout- the country for their good quality.
According to 1991 Live stock census there were about eight Lakh of Poultry birds in the district. Jind District is very much famous for poultry farming. There are thousnad of big & small poultry farms in the district. One day old chicks, eggs and broilers are exported out of country by one of the poultry farms situated in Safidon sub-Divison. Veterinary hospitals and dispensaries functioning in the district provide education to the poultry breeders about the latest scientific techniques. A distt diseases diagnostic lab also working for Poultry management and diseases diagnositcs.
Fisheries provide considerable scope for gainful employment and play a vital role in rural-reconstruction and augmenting the inland fish production with the application of latest technology.
In order to develop fisheries scientifically a detailed survey was conducted to estimate the water resources readily available for fish culture in the district. Latest survey results show that district has pond water potentiality of about 662 hectares for the development of fisheries in villages. The running canals and drains also constitute the main resources of fisheries.
The main objective of the agency is to introduce and popularize the improved/modern technique of pisciculture so as to set up in land fish production and augment fish supplies. It further aims at providing employment opportunities to rural masses. The activity has good scope for bringing’ about Blue revolution’ in the district.
Fish culture in village ponds can help in utilizing the available water resources for fish production. At present there are 512 village ponds in the district having over 662 hectare of suitable area.
As per the data furnished by Fisheries Department, Fish Farmers Development Agency, Jind a total area of 387 hectares has been covered under the programme by the end of March, 1999-2000(FFDA achieved 104.38 hectares against the target of 105 hectares all village ponds/New ponds, While fisheries Department achieved 283 hectares against the target of 330) More than 32 Lac. The fish seed has been supplied to different fish farmers, as only 12000 Fish seed was supplied in year 1967-68.
The balance water area available for fish culture may be taken as long term potential for development. The village ponds are under the village panchayats and are leased out to interested farmers/persons by way of auction for period of 5-10 years. Most of the village ponds cover 1.0 to 2.0 hectares each and the Fisheries Department is also proposed to develop the marshy water logged area, which can be profitably converted into fishponds. There is a good response from the landowners in this respect. The F.F.D.A. has developed 12.73 hectares farmers’ land in shape of own fishpond against the target of 5.0 hectare.
Although the fisheries Department has established fish seed farm in almost every district for stocking the fish seed, but it has not been established in Jind so far. The demand for fish seed is met by transporting fish seed from Neighbouring Distt. and fish seed availability does not seem to be any problem for the district. The department charges Rs. 75/- per thousand of seed & hands over the seed to the farmers at the pond site.
The activity in leased ponds, own ponds and marshy area would require financial assistance from financial institutions/banks. The existing cost for excavating new ponds is Rs. 100000/- per hectares, including the cost of installation of Tube well; The department is providing subsidy @ 25% in general. They have the right to village ponds, which they lease out to farmers for fisheries development. Though, there is a provision in panchayat Act of leasing out village ponds at least for 10 years so as to enable the beneficiaries to take long terms measures for fish development such as renovation of pond by availing Institutional finance.
Marketing of fish from inland culture resources does not pose any problem in the district. Fishing rights in the canals and drains are controlled by the state government while rights of village ponds vest with the panchayat. The fishing rights of the canal/drains and village ponds are auctioned annually through open auctions by Government and village panchayats respectively. Fishermen co-operative societies are organized for marketing the fish produce.
Fish culture could not make much headway in the distt. In the recent past, however, number of fishponds under fish culture is going up every year but large fish potentiality is yet to be tapped. The estimated fish production during the year 1999-2000 about 1300 Ton, which has ready export market in Delhi and Calcutta. The fish culture provides full time occupation to villagers who are being educated to apply new technique and are encouraged by supplying farm equipments, quality seeds and organic chemical fertilizers. Fish farming has now become an important source of panchayats revenue and is becoming more popular day by day in the villages.
Jind Distt. is represented by 3 Assistant Registrar, Cooperative Societies Headquarter at Jind,Safidon and Narwana. Assistant Registrar, Coop. Societies, and Jind represent Jind Sub-Division with 5 Inspectors, Coop. Societies, Headquarter at Jind- I, II, III, Julana and Alewa. The Deputy Registrar, Cooperative Societies who’s headquartering is at Rohtak is the controlling officer and have overall administrative control have the Coop. Societies as well as sub-offices.
The Assistant Registrar. Coop. Societies, Jind is the registration authority of Coop. Societies and to watch over and supervise their function. The Inspectors are working under the control of Asstt, Registrar, and Coop. Societies and are helping for smooth working of the Coop. Societies. The Asstt. Registrar, Coop. Societies is responsible for the healthy growth and development of the Cooperative Movement in his jurisdiction. The Cooperative Movement has grown over years and earns a number of activities like Agriculture Industries, Marketing, Consumer Stores, Labour & Construction, House Building, Poultry, Transport Societies and Banking. The department arranges credit requirements, Agriculture, Marketing, Consumer goods and other needs of Societies. The details of societies functioning in the Sub-Division, Jind are as under:-
|Sr.No.||Kind of Societies||Number|
|1||Central Coop. Bank||1||2||P.A.D.B||2|
|4||Central Coop. Consumer Store||1|
|5||Primary Coop. Store.||2|
|6||Coop. Mktg. Societies||4|
|7||Mini Banks (PACS)||56|
|13||House Building Socs||13|
|14||Salary Earners T/C Socs.||33|
DEPARTMENT OF WELFARE
The District Welfare Officer for Scheduled Castes represents this department at the district level and Backward Classes Who is assisted by Tehsil Welfare Officers, one in each Tehsil. The administrative control at the state level is vested with the Director, Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes, Haryana, Chandigarh.
The main functions of the District Welfare Officer for scheduled castes and backward classes include creating public opinion against untouchability and to adopt measures for the welfare and uplift of the scheduled caste, vimukta jatis and other backward classes. He also guards the interests of these classes against their victimization untouchability and ejectment.
The different professions adopted by these classes include agricultural labour, sweeping and scavenging, leather tanning, shoe, making, basket and rope making, pigs and sheep rearing, hair cutting, iron smithy and dyeing etc.
The 2011 census recorded 1334152 persons (713006 males and 621446 females) belonging to the scheduled castes. Out of them 222804 persons lived in rural areas and 53547 persons in towns.
The Department of Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes has adopted certain measures for the benefit of these classes in pursuance of the directive principle embodied in the constitution of India.
INDIRA GANDHI PRIYADARSHANI VIWAH SHAGUN SCHEME
This scheme has been started w.e.f. 14.12.2005 with the aim of providing financial help on the occasion of the marriage of SC/ST/BC Girls. The grant will be available to only those SC/DT/TC/BC families, which are living below the poverty line. A sum of Rs. 40999100/-was disbursed to 1615 beneficiaries during the year 2014-2015.
POST MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP TO SC
The objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to the SC/ST student studying at Post matriculation or Post Secondary stage to enable them to complete their education. During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 9994980/- was disbursed to 262 student belonging to SC Community.
POST MATRIC SCHOLARSHIP TO BC
The objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to the BC student studying at Post matriculation or Post Secondary stage to enable them to complete their education. During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 9700/- was disbursed to 4 student belonging to SC Community.
DR. AMBEDKAR MEDHAVI SANSHODHIT CHAATTAR SCHEME
To encourage the merit amongst Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes students a scheme namely “ Dr. Ambedkar Medhavi Chhattar Yojna” was launched from the year 2005-06.It is amended in 2009 which make this scheme “The Scheme of masses”as its scope has been extended up to post-graduate classes. Now this scheme is known as “Dr. Ambedkar Sanshodhit Medhavi Chhattar Yojna. Amount of incentive ranges from 4000 to 12,000 p.a. During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 11994000/- was disbursed to 1523 student belonging to SC/BC Community.
OTHER SOCIAL SERVICES
DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR AWAS YOJANA FOR SCHEDULED CASTES AND DENOTIFIED TRIBES
In order to solve the housing problem of Scheduled Castes and Denotified Tirbes/ Tapriwas Jatis “Housing scheme for Scheduled Castes and Denotified Tribes” is being implemented by this department. From the year 2006, amount has been enhanced from Rs 10,000 to Rs. 50,000 and a provision of Rs. 10,000 is also made for repair of the house. The grant will be available to only those SC/DT/TC families, which are living below the poverty line. During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 20450000/- was disbursed to 409 beneficeries belonging to SC/DT/TC Community.
To improve the economic condition of the member of the scheduled castes, their young men are trained as skilled workers by giving them training on an apprenticeship basis in various trades in different industrial training institutions. Twenty percent of the seats are reserved for scheduled castes & two percent for other backward Classes. During the course of training, which varies from one year to two years, a monthly stipend of Rs. 100/- is granted to a trainee belonging to the scheduled castes. No stipend under this scheme is admissible to a trainee of other backward classes. This particular scheme is calculated to improve the status not only of the individuals concerned but also of the families to which they belong.
Incentive for the Village Panchayat for Outstanding Work Done for the Welfare Of Scheduled Castes
The village Panchayat has done the work of significance in the field of disposal of land disputes relating to the Scheduled Castes and to help them for taking the possession of surplus land.
The village Panchayat has done the outstanding work for the pavement of streets, drinking water facility and drainage of water in the Scheduled Castes Basties.
During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 200000/- was disbursed to 4 Panchayat.
Scheme for the Encouragement of Inter-Caste marriage
The object of the scheme is in diminishing caste consciousness among the people and to encourage inter-caste marriages.
Under this scheme an amount of Rs. 50,000/- (In cash through Unique Code in the married couple Joint Account). During the year 2014-15 a sum of Rs. 450000/- was disbursed to 9 Couples.
Conditions of Eligibility
* Both the spouses should be citizen of India and one of the spouse should be Scheduled Caste and he/she should be permanent resident of HaryanaState and he/she has not taken any benefit under similar scheme.
* The grant shall only be given once for the first marriage.
* A non-scheduled Castes boy who marriage a scheduled Castes girls and vice-versa, the concerned Scheduled Castes bride/bridegroom will be given grant of Rs. 50,000/- in the joint account of married couple.
* The beneficiary can apply for incentive within one year from the date of marriage.
DISTRICT SPORTS OFFICE
The Government set up a sports Office at Jind in 1969, headed by the District Sports Officer. He is assisted by 28 coaches (hockey, wrestling and volley-ball).
The government built a Nehru Stadium where coaching in Hockey, wrestling, and volley-ball is imported to the young boys and girls. Coaching camps are held from time to time for the selection of teams of the district. Talented young players are sent in the state level coaching camp for further specialized training.
The Sports Department gives financial assistance to various association and institutions for the promotion of sports. Coaching centers are being established separately for men and women for training in various games.
To promote the sports activties in rural areas, youth clubs have been formed at various places in the district.
DISTRICT RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY, DISTRICT-JIND
A sum of Rs. 138000/- per family is provided to SECC 2011 DATA families who do not have their own pucca house, so that they may construction pucca house for better living conditions.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing hundred days of wage-employment @ Rs. 277/- per person days in a financial year to a rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
Department of New & Renewable Energy Department (DNRE)
Since 1987-88, the department in the O/o Additional Deputy Commissioner, Jind is promoting generation of power from renewable energy sources, like solar energy (in the form of Solar Power Plants), Bio Energy, Wind Energy etc. Department is also promoting use of renewable energy through decentralized application’s like Home Lighting, Solar Cookers Solar Tubewells, On Grid & Off Grid Power plants, Solar Water Heating system, Biogas Plants etc. on applicable subsidy basis. The Department is also acting as a State Designated Agency for the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 in the State.
Swachh Bharat Mission(Gramin)
The Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) scheme aims to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019.
The main objectives of the mission are as under:-
a) Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation.
b) Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat .
c) Motivate Communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education.
d) Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
e) Develop wherever required, Community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific Solid & Liquid Waste Management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.
The Incentive amount provided under SBM(G) to Below Poverty Line (BPL) /identified APLs households is Rs.12,000 for construction of one unit of IHHL.
Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme
The MPLAD Scheme started at 23 December 1993. The objective of the scheme is to enable MPs to recommend works of development nature. The MPLAD is a plan Scheme fully funded by Govt. of India. The annual MPLAD fund entitlement per MP constituency is Rs. 5 Crore. The works done under MPLAD Scheme are drinking water facility, Education, Electricity Facility, Health & Family Welfare, Irrigation facility, Non- Conventional Energy Sources, Railway Roads, Pathways & Bridges, Sanitation & Public Heath, Sports, Works Relating to Animal Husbandary, Diary & Fishries, Agriculture work & Other Public Facilities like Community Centres etc.
District Plan Scheme
District Plan Scheme was started in 2008-09. Before 2008, it was known as D–Centralized Plan. Generally, work proposals under this scheme are based on local needs, & asked from Rural Local Bodies and Urban Local Bodies within the district to form a Draft Plan. District Development and Monitoring Committee (DDMC) approve the works in the House Meeting from this Draft Plan against the funds sanctioned for the district. Priorities are given to the works of undeveloped / backward areas depending upon their urgency and importance. All approved works have to complete within the same financial year. Types of schemes/ works taken under this scheme are illustrated in the table given below.
|Permissible Works||Non-Permissible Works|
• Installing drinking water facilities
• Construction of Rooms, Toilets, Parking Sheds & B/walls in Govt. Educational Institutions.
• Providing Electric facilities.
• Building for Hospitals/CHC/PHC & their B/Walls.
• Const of Public Irrigation facilities
• Construction of Panchayat Ghar/ Public Library/Chaupals/Community Centers / Bus Queue Shelter/Parks / Veterinary Hospitals.
• Providing and fixing sign boards
• Const of Public Toilets & Bathrooms.
• Building for Sports Activities.
• Beautification of Parks.
• Construction of streets and drains.
• All works involving commercial establishments
• All maintenance works except in Health, Education & street
• Purchase of all moveable items
• Any type of work for individual / family benefits
• Erection the Statue of a person
• Purchase of Desert Coolers / vehicle / machinery/equipment
• Any type of work in Govt. Offices
• Works within the places of religious worship
• Granting loans and relief funds
• Any type of Reimbursement
DDY-National Rural Livelihood Mission
The Swarnjayanti Gram SwarozgarYojana (SGSY) was a flagship programme of the Ministry of Rural Development. It was started in 1999 and was restructured in FY 2010-11 for implementation as the National Rural Livelihoods Mission. The SGSY aimed at providing sustainable income to rural BPL households through income generating assets/economic activities in order to bring them out of poverty.
Evaluation of the SGSY by National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD), Bankers Institute of Rural Development (BIRD) and several others institutions showed mixed results.
Out of estimated 25 million households organized into SHGs until 2010, only 22% succeeded in accessing bank credit. The studies showed that there were significant variations in the extent of mobilization of poor SHGs and the quality of their operation. The one-off assetization programme focusing on single livelihood activity did not meet multiple livelihood requirements of the poor. Often, the capital investment was provided up-front as a subsidy, without adequate investment in social mobilization or group formation.
Furthermore, uneven geographical spread of SHGs, high attrition rates among members of SHGs, and lack of adequate banking sector response impeded the program performance. Several states did not fully invest the funds received under SGSY. This fact indicated a lack of proper delivery systems and dedicated efforts for skill training and building capacity for resource absorption among the rural poor. There was a considerable mismatch between program capacity and program requirements. Absence of collective institutions in the form of SHG federations precluded the poor from accessing higher order support services for productivity enhancement, marketing linkages or risk management.
It is in this context that the Ministry of Rural Development (MRD), Government of India (GoI) constituted a Committee on Credit Related Issues under SGSY (under the Chairmanship of Prof. Radhakrishna) to examine various aspects of the scheme implementation. The Committee recommended adoption of a ‘Livelihoods Approach’ to rural poverty elimination. The approach encompassed the following four inter-related tasks:
• Mobilizing poor households into functionally effective SHGs and their federations
• Enhancing access to bank credit and financial, technical and marketing services
• Building capacities and skills for gainful and sustainable livelihoods development
• Converging various schemes for efficient delivery of social and economic support services to poor households
The government accepted the recommendation of the Committee and restructured SGSY into National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) in FY 2010-11 to provide a sharper and greater focus as well as momentum for poverty reduction. The decision also aimed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) by 2015. The Framework for Implementation for N.R.L.M was approved by the Ministry on 9th December, 2010 and the Mission was formally launched on 3rd June, 2011.
NRLM implementation is in a Mission Mode. This enables (a) shift from the present allocation based strategy to a demand driven strategy enabling the states to formulate their own livelihoods-based poverty reduction action plans, (b) focus on targets, outcomes and time bound delivery, (c) continuous capacity building, imparting requisite skills and creating linkages with livelihoods opportunities for the poor, including those emerging in the organized sector, and (d) monitoring against targets of poverty outcomes. As NRLM follows a demand driven strategy, the States have the flexibility to develop their livelihoods-based perspective plans and annual action plans for poverty reduction. The overall plans would be within the allocation for the state based on inter-se poverty ratios.
"To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities, resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong grassroots institutions of the poor."
NRLM Guiding Principles
• Poor have a strong desire to come out of poverty, and they have innate capabilities
• Social mobilization and building strong institutions of the poor is critical for unleashing the innate capabilities of the poor.
• An external dedicated and sensitive support structure is required to induce the social mobilization, institution building and empowerment process.
• Facilitating knowledge dissemination, skill building, access to credit, access to marketing, and access to other livelihoods services underpins this upward mobility.
The core values which guide all the activities under NRLM are as follows:
• Inclusion of the poorest, and meaningful role to the poorest in all the processes
• Transparency and accountability of all processes and institutions
• Ownership and key role of the poor and their institutions in all stages – planning, implementation, and, monitoring
• Community self-reliance and self-dependence
Universal Social Mobilization
At least one woman member from each identified rural poor household, is to be brought under the Self Help Group (SHG) network in a time bound manner. Special emphasis is particularly on vulnerable communities such as manual scavengers, victims of human trafficking, Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) and bonded labour. NRLM has devised special strategies to reach out to these communities and help them graduate out of poverty.
FISH FARMERS DEVELOPMENT AGENCY & FISHERIES DEPTT.
The office of the Fisheries development officer was established in the year 1972 to develop fish farming and the Government has established Fish Farmers Development Agency in the year 1990.
The department also imparts 15 days training to the persons, who wish to start fish farming. During the training, farmers get Rest. 25/- per day as stipend by the department and actual expenses from his destination for joining the training. The F.F.D.A. has trained sixty persons in year 1999-2000 for fish culture. The department also proposes to establish one seed farm in the district to meet the increasing demand of the seed.
FOOD & SUPPLIES DEPARTMENT
This department is represented by the District Food & Supplies Controller, who is assisted by one Distt. Food & Supplies Officer, 4 Assistant Food & Supplies Officers, 17 Inspectors, Food & Supplies and 18 Sub Inspectors Food Supplies, One Head Analyst and Three Junior Analysts and One weight & Measurement Inspector. He functions under the administrative control of the Director Food & Supplies Haryana. He is responsible for procurement of Food –grains (wheat) and its storage, taking of levy rice from rice millers, preparation of ration cards and distribution of food grains and Essential Commodities like levy sugar, wheat/atta & k.oil etc. These activities are regulated through various control/licensing orders issued by Food & Supplies Department mainly under Essential Commodities Act (7.10.55). Besides above, the availability of LPG Diesel, petrol & Bricks is ensured.
In 1999 there were 401 fair price shops (89 Urban 312 Rural) in the Distt. The fair price shops distribute levy sugar; wheat atta and K-oil to consumers against ration cards prepared by the staff at the rates fixed by the Govt.
There are APL New ration cards 2,23,919 BPL ration cards 37739 .
In 2000-2001 the total arrival of wheat was 5,38,502 MT. Out of which 5,34,349 wheat was purchased by the Govt. agencies. Food Department purchased 1,54,482 MT wheat.
In the year 1999-2000 there was total arrival of paddy 1,86,267 MT. Out of which procuring agencies purchased 4176 MT paddy. 14579 MT. Levy rice was taken from the millers.
In Jind district there are 2 civil hospitals at Jind & Narwanna city, 6 community health centers at Safidon, Julana, Kahrkramji, Uchana, Kalwa, Ujhaa, 20 primary health centers at Amargarh, DhamtanShib, Dhanori, Danoda, Durjanpur, Gograin, Chatter, Daraywala, Ramrai, Kandela, Dhathrath, Rajalan, Kalan, Hatt, Muana, Nidana, Jai-jaiwanti, Shamlo-Kalan, Sinsar, Siwanamal and Deola, 26 Govt. Ayurvedic dispensaries and one Primary Health Center of Ayurvedic Medicine, 1 T.B.Hospital of 20 beds and 1 E.S.I. dispensary.
CIVIL HOSPITAL JIND
In 2000, General Hospital Jind is provided with 100 beds and 1 medical superintendent, 1 senior medical officer and 18 medical officer including 3 lady doctors, 2 dental surgon, 1 eye surgon, 2 orthopedic surgeon, 1 radiologist, 1 anaesthetic doctor, and 30 staff nurses, 4 D.T. and other para-medical staff, in 1999 the number of indoor and outdoor patients were 4933 and 144566 respectively.
CIVIL HOSPITAL NARWANA
It was started as a civil dispensary in 1908. It was shifted to its new building on Jind-Patiala road in 1975. There were 1 senior medical officer, 9 medical officer,1 dental surgeon and 26 staff Nurse, 2 Multipurpose workers and para medical Staff. In 1999 the number of indoor and outdoor patients were 4144 and 55622 respectively.
CIVIL HOSPITAL SAFIDON
It was started as a civil dispensary in 1918 and was raised to the status of a Civil Hospital in 1971.
Now it is 30 beads Community Health Center. There are 1 Senior medical officer, 1 dental surgeon, 4 medical officers with P.P.C. and 6 staff Nurses and 2 Multipurpose workers and para medical staff. In 1998 the number of indoor and outdoor patients were 2001 and 24330 respectively.
DHARMARTH NETRA CHIKITSHALA, UCHANA
The hospital was started in 1972. Now it is run by Govt.and converted into Community health center of 30 beds, 1 senior medical officer , 1 dental surgeon, 4 medical officers, 5 staff nurses and para medical staff are working in C.H.C.Uchana.
JAIN FREE EYE HOSPITAL, JIND
The hospital was started in 1967.
In the past only cottage industries like gold and silver smitheries, carpentry, oil pressing, tanning and leather working, pottery , weaving and stamping of cloth existed. The Chhimba’s (stampers) in Jind and Safidon stamped coarse country cloth like razais (quilts) toshaks (bed cloth) jajam (floor cloth and chint. Raja Raghbir Singh (1864-1887) of erstwhile Jind State took a keen interest in encouraging local arts and manufacturers. He sent various workmen in gold, silver, wood, etc. to Roorki (UP) and other places to learn the higher branches of their crafts.
The mineral wealth of the district is confined to saltpetre, kankar and stone. Crude saltpetre was prepared in many places in the district and was refined in state refineries at Jind and Safidon, which were opened by the ruler of erstwhile princely Jind State.
Towards the close of the 19th century or in the beginning of the 20th century, two cotton-ginning factories were opened at Narwana and Jind. The district did not make much headway in the industrial sphere up to the Independence or rather up to the formation of Haryana.
Before 1966, there were only 3 important units for the manufacture of cycles, clinical laboratory thermometers and water pipefitting.
With the emergence of Haryana as a separate State in 1966, began the real process of industrialization in the district. Several small-scale industrial units for the manufacture of radio and electrical good, fabrication of cement jallis, soap and candles etc. were set up in urban areas. Some more important units manufacturing agricultural implements, chemicals, thermometers, surgical cotton, foundries, screws, plastic products, paper-board, coke briquettes, etc. were established after 1968. The first large-scale industrial unit was the Milk Plant at Jind, which came into existence in 1970. Another unit for the manufacture of steel products was set up in 1973. Industry in the district received a further fillip with the establishment of a cattle feed plant in 1974.
Some more important units engaged in manufacturing of items such as surgical cotton, bio-coal, rice mills, handloom & weaving tractor bushes, water taps, bread, biscuits, wooden & steel furniture, cotton yarn, medicines, leather chemicals, PVC Pipes, washing powder & soap, tin container, railway components i.e. rail elastic clips, oil refinery, vanspati ghee, sprinklers leather shoes, electric madhani, ceiling fans, cooler & general rep., foundries, tyre resole-retreading, plastic dhana, hand made papers, cattle feed & poultry feed, gypsum board, disposal syringes & needles, printing paper, flour mils & LPG storage & bottling have also come into existance.
Milk Plant, Jind
Milk Plant, Jind was the first modern dairy plant set up in public sector by Haryana Dairy Development Corporation in 1971 with the objective to provide market for surplus milk in the state. Haryana is rich in milk production and surplus milk in the state can play vital role in improving socio-economic conditions of farmers in general and that of landless farmers in particular. As an outcome of pursuance of its objective, it has also made pure, safe & wholesome milk products available to the urban consumer at reasonable rate while at the same time ensuring attractive price of milk to farmers.
Spread over 18 acres of land in Jind district, the plant with a capacity to process one Lac liter of milk per day manufactures VITA milk products. Collection of milk from districts of Jind, Hisar and Fatehabad is done through network of Cooperative societies in villages from where fresh milk is transported to the plant every morning and evening. This milk is converted into premium quality milk powder, ghee, paneer and polypack milk for sale in Delhi and other areas.
Presently the plant is being managed by milk union, Jind which is member of Haryana Dairy Development Co-operative Federation Ltd. and has membership of 600 village Co-operative Societies. More than 20000 families largely consisting of farmers having small land and holdings are the beneficiaries of its operations. Its existence and active intervention has ensured attractive return to the milk producers and facilities like supply of cattle feed and seed etc.
In the milk ahead area, there are 805 villages and estimated daily milk production is 25.46 Lacs liters per day, out of which 6.62 Lacs liters is marketable surplus. The plant has planned to increase its handling capacity to 2 Lacs liters of milk per day by 2004. During last three years, performance of Plant & Union has been as under: -
|1||Average Milk procured per day||41000||43000||46000|
|2||Average price paid to producers||9.62||9.65||10.54|
|3||No. of Society||413||520||537|
|4||No. of Members||9800||11760||12360|
|5||Milk Powder Production (MT)||433||279||398|
|8||Cattle feed sale(MT)||660||976||613|
To meet the demand of milk in Jind city as a result of rapid urbanization, the plant has started supply of polyback milk in Jind. With the help of local administration process of setting up milk booths in different localities has been initiated. This will ensure availability of unadulterated and wholesome milk and milk products to the consumers at reasonable price.
The Jind Co-op Sugar Mills Ltd. Jind
|Crushing capacity||125 tons sugarcane daily|
|Profit till 1999-2000||Rs. 1140.64 Lacs|
|Production of Sugar in crushing season 1999-2000||1,94,515 Gunny bags|
|Sugarcane Crushed||22.15 Lacs Quintal|
|Recovery of Sugar Crushing Season 1998-99.||8.75%|
|Sugar Cane Crushed||21.00 Lacs Quintal|
|Recovery of Sugar||8.64 %|
The mills provide interest free loan for seed of sugarcane. 25% Subsidy is provided for seed and land treatment. Three hot air units have been established in the mill for free seed treatment. The mill has 23,159 acar land under Sugarcane for the year 2000-2001.
The mill have a loss of Rs. 484.94 Lacs in the year 1999-2000 due to less recovery of Sugar and increase of Sugarcane rate. About 1000 people have been given employment by the mill.
The mill achieved third position in the Country in the year 1991-92. It achieved first position of technical skill in the year 1992-93, 1993-94 and 1995-96 and second position in the year1997-98.
Hafed Cattle Feed Plant, Jind
The cattle feed plant was set up in 1974 with a capital investment of Rs. 47.30 lacs. It is a limited concern in the public sector under Haryana State Co-operative Supply and Marketing Federation Ltd. Chandigarh, with an installed capacity of 5 tonnes per hour. The raw material for the plant is obtained from the markets of Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pardesh and Bombay. The cattle feed produced in the plant is marketed all over Haryana.
The unit is working properly. The unit has increased the investment. At present the total capital investment of Plant & Machinery in Rs. 38.85 Lacs & has provided employment to 58 persons having the production capacity of 312.75 Lacs. The demand of item has increased in the rural areas owing to fast increasing in the population of livestock & the product has achieved popularity among the villagers.
Industrial Cables (India) Ltd. Kila Zafargarh (Jind Tehsil)
This unit was commissioned at Zafargarh, in 1973 with a capital investment of Rs. 117.50 Lacs. It is private limited company with an installed capacity of 19,000 tonnes of steel wires per annum.
Small Scale Industries
The manufacturing of agricultural implements was on a small scale as well as on cottage level. The small scale units manufacture harrows, ploughs, wheat threshers, persian wheels, levellers coulters etc. and are located at Jind, Narwana, Julana and Safidon.
Quite a large number of units engaged in manufacturing of agricultural implements such as harrows, trolley, cultivater, land leveler, wheat thresher Cart, plough have also increased. The demand for these items remains constant in the market. The modern age is the age of machinery. Better Agricultural machinery is used for better crops & cultivation of land.
There were three units at Safidon for the manufacture of blankets and loies in 1974-75. These units got their raw material from Panipat. Their installed capacity was about Rs. 5 Lacs and they gave employment to 20 persons on a regular basis and to about 50 female workers on a part time basis.
Safidon, Narwana & Pillukhera are the 3 blocks in which woolen blankets loi are knitted through khadi system. There is no power loom for blankets manufacturing. The other khadi units are working in this district, which provided employment to 300 persons.
There was three units at Jind engaged in the production of thermometers in 1974-75. These units employed 20 persons and produced thermometers worth Rs. 2.50 lakh. Their product is sold in the market of Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mysore and Madras.
Two units were set up in this distt. for thermometers manufacturing. But at present these have ceased functioning .
There are three units in the district which are engaged in the production of weights and measures, weighing scales anges for diesel engines and chaff-cutting machines.
There are foundries in Narwana block, which are manufacturing Toka Machines (chaff cutter), which are operated manually & with power operated. These units have provided employment to 300 persons.
The demand for steel boxes drums & sewing machines covers were increased. Trunk-Petties are cheapest mode of transportation & from safety point of view. The sewing machines covers have also demand in the market. Because in the rural areas, the people prefer the steel almirah chair table, folding bed etc. There are about 150 units, which are providing employment to 600 persons. The total investment is 3 Lacs & the total turn over by these units is appox. 9 Crores.
The number of agriculture implements units have increased, At present 30 units are engaged in this line. These units have been providing employment to 160 persons & total investment on plant & machinery is 862.64 Lacs .
The fabrication units are mostly located at Jind, Narwana, Safidon, Uchana and Julana. These units are engaged in the manufacturing of Steel truncks, machine cases, brackets, milk cases etc.
The scope of steel Fabrication has increased. Mainly the units have been set up at Jind, Safidon, Narwana, Uchana, & truck body & vehicle body are manufactured. These 18 units have investment of 3.60 Lacs & providing employment to 90 persons. The total approximate production is 26.40 Lacs.
The unit was started at Gunkali (Jind Tehsil with a capital investment of Rs. 5 Lakh. Besides the unit set up at Gulkani, the units are producing Mil Board/Card board Jacquard Board, these units are providing employment to 90 persons.
Sugar And Khandsari
The factory manufacturing Sugar and Khandsari is located at Jind. The unit was started with a capital investment of Rs. 5.20 lakh. The Gur & Khansari units are closed only Sugar mill is constructed under cooperative sector at Village Jhanj. The total investment on plant & machinery is 1075 lacs, providing employment to 1100 persons and total production in 1999 was 18077 MT. value of Rs. 2224.29 Lacs.
This industry exists on a small scale as well as on a cottage level in the district.
The fashions for Desi Juti has decreased. Plastic chapples shoes have taken the place of Desi Juti. The demand for Tila Juti is increasing day-by-day Narwana the only city where tila jutis being are manufactured in bulk. There are about 230 units in this distt. engaged in manufacturing of Juti making which are providing employment to 890 persons having the investment of 4.60 Lacs producing the items of Rs. 165 Lacs. The tila Juti are also sold in the neighboring distts. i.e. Rotec & Sonepat. Tila Juttis are also sold in neighboring Distts. of Punjab and U.P.
Ban & Rope Making
The over increasing demand for ban and ropes has been attracting more and more producers in the manufacture of these commodities in the district. Ban is made with the hand –driven machines. Now the power driven ban making machine has taken the place of hand driven machines. Recently 2 units at Safidon and one unit at Jind for manufacturing of ban have come up.
Manufacturing of cotton niwar is mainly confined to Narwana and Jind. The installed capacity of these units is about Rs. 61 lakh. The manufacturing of cotton niwar has lost its popularity. There are only 3 units one at Narwana &two at Safidon engaged in Manufacturing of Niwar The plastic niwar has taken the place of cotton niwar.
It is an old cottage industry which continues to function in villages and urban areas. Mostly local shoemakers consume the product. The Leather Tanning Industries in this Distt. has come to a stand still due to pollution. There are about 5 units in this Distt. out of which 2 units are at Narwana & these units are providing employment to 60 persons & the production is 15 Lacs annually approximately.
Two factories at Jind and Narwana are engaged in ginning and processing cotton. The number of cotton-ginning units has increased. At present there are 23 cotton saw ginning plants in Uchana, Narwana & Julana, Jind block having 16 Lacs value of plant & machinery. The total production is 23000 bales, value of Rs. 1530 Lacs & provided employment to 2000 persons. Besides this, there are 80 cotton-ginning units, which are in production.
With the green revolution the nos. of units for Rice-shelling has increased. Jind Distt. is richer for growing the paddy. Safidon Block is on the top & famous for Rice in India. There are 56 Rice mills in this Distt. having an Investment of 3 Crores providing employment to 1200 persons.
The production of Gram in this Distt. has decreased because the area has become totally tubewell/canal irrigated. There are only 4 units in this Distt. which are producing Gram-Dal having the investment of 6 Lacs on plant & machinery .
Gur and Khandsari
The Gur & Khandsari units are not allowed in the village without the prior approval of Sugar Mill/Cane Commissioner due to supply of cane to the sugar Mill.
Industrial development is looked after by the District Industries Officer, Jind who is assisted by 4 Inspectors and 4 block level extension officers (industries). The block level extension officers help rural industrialisation. The District Industries Officer functions under the overall control of the Director of Industries Haryana, Chandigarh.
The government assists the entrepreneurs in respect of finance, raw material, marketing, industrial training and common facility centres. These facilities are discussed briefly.
Loans are advanced to the small scale industries for the construction of factory building, purchase of machinery, equipments and working capital to the extent of Rs. 1 Lacs against a tangible security either of the applicant or of his surety. Such loans are given up to 50 per cent of the value of the security offered. Loans upto Rs. 5,000 are granted against one personal surety having solvent property for double the value of the loan applied for. A provision to advance loans up to Rs. 1,000 against a certificate of credit-worthness has been introduced for the benefit of village artisans and craftsmen.
Haryana Finance Corporation, Haryana, Khadi & Village Industries Board, Chandigarh also advance loans for the promotion of Village Industries. Now Khadi Village Industries Commission(KVIC) has also started to advance the loan to the industrial units with the margin money scheme/subsidy.
Supply Of Machinery On Hire-Purchase Bases
The National Small Industries Corporation, an agency founded and controlled by the Government of India, supplies machinery to small scale units on hire-purchase basis on easy terms on the recommendations of the state government. After the initial payment of five to ten percent of the total cost of machinery and equipment by the loanee, the remaining amount is paid by him in easy annual instalments.
The Haryana State Small Industries and Export Corporation, a state undertaking also supplies machinery on hire-purchase basis. It provides financial assistance upto Rs. 50,000 in each individual case at a nominal rate of interest. The intending entrepreneur gives only a marginal of 10% of the cost of machinery with one solvent surety.
Supply Of Raw Material
The Haryana State Small Industries and Export Corporation procures and distributes indigenous and imported raw material. The industrial units are allotted raw material on the basis of their assessed capacity, the supply being increased by 50 per cent in the case of Jind district.
The Corporation also provides the marketing assistance to the rural industries set up in the villages
The district was declared an industrially backward area by the government of India in 1971. Consequently subsidy on fixed capital investment, exemption from electricity duty, property tax and octroi for some period and interest free loan in lieu of inter-state tax are provided as special incentives. These incentives and facilities provided by the central and state governments are designed to attract new entrepreneurs to set up industrial units in this district.
Department Of Industries also provides the facility for the supply of coal/coke to the industrial units. There are 4 units which are availing the coal facility in this Distt.
The state govt. i.e. HSIDC is developing mini industrial estate known as Udog Kunj. It was conceived in the year 1993-94. The total task of developing Udyog Kunj with a sum of Rs. 2 crore given to the Corporation Julana has been achieved. The total plan/progress of the Udog Kunj is given as under:
|2||Total Area developed||5.073 (41Kanal 12 Marlas)|
|3||Date of possession given to HSIDC||9.11.1995|
|4||Detail of plots 20’x46’s 20’x50 25’x55’||50 Nos
|5|| Detail of sheds:-
(a) Constructed 18’x45’ .4.1/2
(b) To be constructed 18’x45’. 4. ½
|6||Rates of shed 84000/-||Yet to be finalised|
|7||Rates of Plots||18000/- by HSIDC.|
|8||No. of application Sponsored to HSIDC||27 Nos|
NOTE:- Sheds/Plots have not been allotted to the entrepreneurs due to non finalisation of exact rate/price of sheds/plots by HSIDC. The matter is lying with HSIDC.
Source Of Power ( Electricity)
There was no facility of electricity in rural area of the district before 1956. However, diesel generating sets were functioning in towns. Diesel, oil and steam was used for dal flour grinding, oil seed crushing, rice husking, saw, illing and cotton ginning. With the availability of hydro-electric power from Bhakra Nangal Project, all villages and towns of the district were electrified by 1970.
The Executive Engineer (operations), Haryana State Electricity Board(HSEB), Jind controls the distribution of electricity almost in the entire district. The supply to 30 villages of the district is controlled by Kaithal, Panipat and Fatehabad divisions.
Industries labour is generally drawn from Punjab and Uttar Pradesh and also from nearby village. Rural labour return to their villages after work. There is scarcity of skilled labour . The unskilled labour is available in abundance except during the peak agricultural season. New industrial units have provided subsidiary occupations to partially employed agricultural labourers but some of the industries too have a seasonal nature of work.
The development of industrial cooperatives in the district is entrusted to the Industrial Assistant Registrar, Hisar, who is assisted by one Inspector and two sub- Inspectors. Considerable progress has been made by industrial cooperatives in the district since 1966-67.
IRRIGATION DEPARTMENT, DISTRICT JIND
There are 5 Executive Engineer who look after the work of irrigation & flood in District Jind. There are four tehsils namely Jind, Safidon, Narwana and Julana. Jind and Safidon tehsil come under the command of Yamuna Canal under the administrative control of S.E.
Y.W.S. Circle Jind & Narwana tehsil comes under the Bhakra system under the administrative control of S.E./BWS Kaithal.
In Y.W.S. Circle, Jind there are two Nos division namely Jind water Services Division, Jind under the charge of Executive Engineer & under this division there are 3 Nos. Sub Divisions namely Jind/Julana/Pillukhera. Under this division there are 13 drain with a length of 67.77 KM & 40. Canals having a length is 64343 Hectors. Out of this the canal water was provided to 38463 Hect. in Kharif & 37910 Hect. in Rabi.
SAFIDON W.S. DIVISION, SAFIDON
In this division there are 3 sub-division namely Anta, Safidon & Rojla. This division looks after the 19 drains having a length of 90 KM & 14 canals having a length of 122 KM. The total area under irrigation is 32266 Hect out of this the total canal water supplied in Kharif is 14420 Hect & 12437 Hect. for Rabi.
NARWANA BWS DIVISION, NARWANA
In this division there are 3 sub division namely Narwana, Sudkan, Dhamtan sub-division. In this division there are 49 canals with a length of 507 KM & 17 drains with a length of 75 KM. The total area in irrigation is 100069 Hect. Out of which total area irrigated is 82783 hect. in both the crops.
JIND WATER SERVICES MECH. DIVISION, JIND:
This divisions looks after the work of maintenance & repairing of pumps for flood operation. In this division there is one SDO at Jind. There are 22 pump houses site with 57 vertical pumps having a capacity of 479 Cs. Besides this, there are 69 diesel pumping sets having a capacity of 138 Cs & 72 electric pumps having a capacity of 198 Cs. The maintenance & reparing is a responsibility of this division.
CONSTRUCTION DIVISION NO. 26, JIND
This division is under the administrative control of S.E. Construction Circle, Panipat. In this division there are 5 Nos. SDO. They mainly look after work of construction & rehabilitation of canals under world Bank Project.
The Public Health Department is represented by one circle, at Jind, under the control of Superintending Engineer, PWD Public Health Circle, Jind. The Jind circle has three Public Health Divisions under its jurisdiction stationed at Jind, Narwana and Kaithal, which have been functioning since 3.4.70, 1.2.85 and 10.8.89 respectively. These divisions are manned by respective Executive Engineers.
The Public Health Divisions, Jind is further divided in four Sub Divisions, out of which 2 No. are located at Jind , one No. at Julana and the 4th at Safidon under the control of a Sub-Divisional Engineers each. Similarly Public Health of a Sub-Divisional Engineers each. Similarly Public Health Division, Narwana has three sub divisions, two at Narwana and one at uchana, under the charge of respective Sub-Divisional Engineers.
Public Health Division, Kaithal has 5 sub Divisions under its charge with head quarters of 3 Sub-Divisions at Kaithal, one at Kalayat and one at Pundri, under the charge of Sub-Divisional Engineer each.
The overall control at State level of Public Health Deptt. Is vested with the Engineer-in-Chief, Haryana, PWD Public Health Branch, Chandigarh. The department is responsible for execution and maintenance of Public Health works relating to water supply, sewerage, drainage and sanitation in rural and urban areas . In Jind District, all the villages have been provided with piped water supply.
PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES
The medical and health services in the district are controlled and looked after by the Civil Surgeon, Jind. He is assisted by a District Medical Officer, District Malaria Officer, District Health Officer, District School Health Officer, District Training Officer, District T.B.Officer, District Immunization Officer and District Family Planning Officer. He functions directly under the Director General, health Services, Haryana .
At the block level the senior medical officer is the incharge of the community health center and supervises various health schemes, viz, family planning programs, control and eradication of malaria, small-Pox, tuberculosis, trachoma, polio immunization program etc. Primary health center and sub-centre at the village level also function under his control.
Diseases Common to the District.
The common diseases to the district are fevers, dysentery, diarrhea and respiratory infections. The epidemics like cholera, plague and small-Pox were prevalent in the past but with modern and advance medical and public health services, these epidemics were eradicated from the district.
Preventive Measures to Promote Public Health
Successful Preventive measures are being taken through Community Health Centers, applied nutrition program, good and balanced diet, detection of food adulteration. etc.
School Heath Services
The program started during the second Five-Year Plan, has been made an integral part of all hospitals, community health centers and primary health centers and rural dispensaries since 1973. Under the Program , the school children studying in I, VI and IX Classes are checked periodically and arrangement are made for the treatment of those found ill.
A whole time district school medical officer is responsible to organize and implement the service in the district in collaboration with district education officer .
In the present concept of community health , health education has come to play a significant role. Its aim is to provide integrated curative and preventive service for better health of the citizens . Therefore proper health education is the main pre-requisite for the success of all health programmes.
Prior to 1967 the state health education bureau co-ordination and implementation of health education work was carried out by the medical and para-medical staff of the health department who generally held group meeting and distributed education material to the people talks to school students on health topic like personal hygiene, vaccination etc. The education and information wing came into being in September, 1968 which was headed by the district mass education and information Officer. He was responsible for planning and implementation of the health education program in the district under the guidance and supervision of Chief Medical Officer and District Family Planning, Maternity and Child Health Officer.
The family planning program which acquired a big and crucial signification for the future of India was of little importance in this area in the past. The masses in general were illiterate, orthodox and backward.
All activities of family planning program in the district are carried out under the guidance and supervision of the Chief medical Officer (Civil Surgeon) . Under him the district family planning, maternity and child health officer is actually responsible for this program and heads the district family planning bureau. At block level, a rural family planning unit is attached with each primary health center and is under the charge of a medical officer . He is assisted by an extension educator , field workers lady health visitors , auxiliary nurse , midwives (M.PHW(F) and trained dais. At the village level, services are rendered by sub-centers, field works and rural dispensaries .
For urban area, there are two family planning units at Jind and Narwana & Safidon. Besides, rural family planning centers have been set up at each Primary health center in the district . The progress of family planning in the district from 1995-1996 to 1999-2000 is shown below :-
|Year||Sterilizations||Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device User||Conventional Contraceptive Device User|
Maternity and Child Health
The maternity and child health care is provided at all Civil Hospitals , Community Health Centers, Primary Health Centers and Sub Centers. Free prenatal and Post-natal care and free delivery services are provided at the house in the rural area.
Prevention of Adulteration in Food Stuffs
Adulteration in food stuffs is checked under the prevention of food Adulteration Act, 1954. There were 3 Tehsil Sanitary Inspectors one in each tehsil of Jind, Narwana and Safidon and one food inspector in the district. Besides the Civil Surgeon Jind , District Health Officer and Senior Medical Officer, Jind, Narwana and Safidon have been vested with power under this Act for the whole district.
Samples of food Stuffs are seized in routine as well as through specially organized raids.
Water Supply and Sewerage
The water level being very low in the district , ponds were used for drinking water. There were a lot of scarcity of water during drought. To ensure clean drinking water, a National Water Supply and Sanitation Programme was launched in 1954 and by 1975, 32 villages of the district were provided with water supply. The piped water supply was also made of Uchana by the respective Local bodies.
The under ground sewerage was not available in any village. However Jind , Narwana & Safidon towns were provided with such Facilities.
PUBLIC RELATION DEPARTMENT
This department is represented by the District Public Relations Officer who is assisted by about 70 employees including a District Publicity Organiser, Two field Publicity Assistants , An Information Centre Assistant, A Drama unit, A video Unit plus Bhajan Parties and Ministrial staff etc. There are two Assistant Public Relations Officers at Sub-Divisional Headquarters at Narwana and Safidon working under him. District Public Relations Officer is also incharge of Community Viewing Scheme under which TV sets are provided to Panchayat and schools. He maintains information Centre. The Administrative Control of this office is with the Director, Public Relations Haryana, Chandigarh.
The District Public Relations Officer maintains constant liaison with the press and the public in general for putting across the government point of view. He organizes a publicity drive through meetings, cinema shows, drama performances and personal contacts. The object is to inform and educate the people about various programmes and policies formulated by the government. He also keeps the government informed of public reactions to its plans and policies and conveys public grievances to the district and state authorities. The department also provides the Public Address System for the official functions and charge fee for the same form the concerned functions organizers except Government departments. These services are declared commercial by the State Government to earn revenue.
The areas now comprising the Jind district remained under different administration viz Jind tahsil (including Safidon tahsil ) under the Jind princely state; Narwana tahsil under the patiala princely state and villages transferred from Kaithal under the British rule. All these areas have different revenue backbrounds.
The first summary settlement of tahsil Jind was commenced in 1853 by Kamwar Sain , but it had to be postponed for about 4 years due to disturbances in Lajwana Kalan-a place in Jind tahsil. It was then effected between 1857 and 1866 by Daya Singh .The dealt with in this settlement was 2,96,956 acres, of which an area of 194546 acres was cultivated and the rest was uncultivated .The land revenue was assessed at Rs.153065 and the total number of villages for which assessment was made in the two taluqas of Jind and Safidon was 144.
It was followed by second settlement which was regular and was made between 1864 and 1873 by Samand Singh. In this settlement the area returned was 312045 acres and the land revenue was assessed at Rs.172567.This represented an increase of 15089 acres in area and Rs.19502 in land revenue . The number of village in this settlement had increased to 148.
The details of the two settlements , the area and land revenue assessed are shown in the following table :-
|Details||Numbers of Villages||Numbers of Houses||Cultivated Area (Acres)||Uncultivated Area (Acres)||Total Land (Acres)||Revenue Assessed (Rs.)|
|Increase (+) or Decrease (-)||+4||-1168||+23995||-8906||+15089||+19502|
1. In January 1973, 54 villages of Kaithal tahsil were transferred to Jind district, 43 to Jind tahsil and 6 to Narwana tahsil.
2. Phulkian States Gazetteer (Ptiala, Jind and Nabha), 1904, P.320.
The third settlement of tahsil Jind was made by Brij Narayan in which the total area Dealt with was 3,06,149 acres and the land revenue assessed was Rs. 210069. The number of villages assessed in this settlement was 167. It was followed by the fourth settlement by the same officer between May, 1889 and July, 1897. In this settlement, though the number of villages has decreased to 165, the area measured was grater by 6957 acres, and the land revenue assessed showed an increase of Rs.18460 due to the increase in the area under cultivation. The area and land revenue assessed, with the increase or decrease on preceding settlement are detailed below:-
|Details||Numbers of Villages||Cultivated Area (Acres)||Uncultivated Area (Acres)||Total Land (Acres)||Revenue Assessed (Rs.)|
|Increase (+) or Decrease (-)||-2||+20732||-13775||+6957||+18460|
Narwana being a tahsil in Karmgarh Nizamat was under the revenue administration of the patiala state. The first summary settlement on a cash basis was effected in Narwana tahsil in 1861-62 by M.Kale Khan. It was based in an estimate of the average value of the actual realization in kind or in cash during the previous twenty one years. The land revenue assessed was Rs. 122142 of which Rs. 118742 was Khalsa and Rs. 3400 jagir and Muafi.
The method of assessment in 1861-62 was very rough and the statedemand was too high. The demand formulated in 1861-62 became the basis of the state claim, and this was raised or lowered according to the discretion of the local officers, who were mainly.
|Amount of Land Revenue
|First settlement (1861-62)||---||---||118742||3400||122142||---|
|Second settlement (1862-65)||622886||250626||125328||3845||129173||083||Third settlement (1865-75)||536266||269114||135842||3870||139412||083|
|Fourth settlement (1875-1887)||557232||363999||141702||3895||145597||061|
|Fifth settlement (1887-1903)||577654||376552||145762||4371||150133||064|
These summary settlement worked well in Narwana tahsil particularly because the tahsil was benefited by the facility of canal irrigation. The tahsil could pay its land revenue without difficulty except in years of drought when some suspensions were necessitated mostly in Barani villages. The total arrears of land revenue prior to the regular settlement of 1903 amounted to Rs. 87493 of which Rs. 41042 were remitted and the balance of Rs. 46451 was recoverable.
The first regular settlement of Narwana tahsil was effected in 1903 by F. Popham Young. This settlement was made for 30 years. The total area returned in this settlement was 589643 Bighas of which cultivated area measured 476606 bighas. The total number of estates in this settlement was 137 for which the total demand of the state was fixed at Rs. 189355 the incidence of total demand per cultivated bigha being 6 Annas and 4 Pies (Rs.0.390).
Villages Transferred from Kaithal :-
These villages when acceded to the British Empire in 1849 along with Kaithal, were summarily settled and the assessment was oppressive. The first regular settlement was sanctioned from 1856 to 1879, the first revised settlement from Kharif 1886-88 to Rabi 1906-08 and the second revised settlement from Kharif 1909to Rabi 1939.
After the expiry of the settlement of Jind, Narwana and 54 villages transferred from Kaithal tahsil no fresh settlement was undertaken and the old one ran for several years. Subsequently, on account of the world war II (1939-45), followed by development activities after Independence, the prices of agricultural commodities rose considerably. The land revenue, fixed at the time of previous settlements under the conditions then prevailing, had lost their relationship with income from land. To meet ever-growing expenditure, the government levied surcharge, special charge on commercial crops and additional charge.
All these proved inadequate and the collection of these levies became cumbersome not only for revenue agency but also for cultivators. To meet the situation the government passed the Haryana Land Holding Tax Act, 1973.
Special Assessment :-
The Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887 was amended to provide special assessment of land, being put to a use different from that for which an assessment was in force; and when the land was put to use for non-agricultural purposes such as brick-kilns factories, cinemas, shops, hotels, houses, landing grounds and other similar purpose whether or not already assessed to land revenue. The exemption was provided for garden, an orchard or the pasture or houses occupied by the owner for agricultural purpose or for purposes sub-service to agriculture; for small scale cottage industries; or for any public charitable or religious purpose. It was further provided that residential houses in occupation of owners with an annual rental value not exceeding three hundred rupees shall not be liable to special assessment. The special assessment was levied on an adhoc basis as a multiple of the existing land revenue with the extension of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, 1887 to the areas of the present Jind district after its merger in Punjab. The enforcement of the special assessment was suspended with effect from Kharif, 1964.
Land Holdings Tax :-
In order to raise the quantum of revenue the government had levied surcharge, special charge Cess on commercial crops and additional surcharge. The Land Holdings Tax Act, 1973 was enforced in 1973 and thereafter the collection of land revenue, surcharge, special charge Cess on commercial crops, additional surcharge and local rate was stopped and only land holdings tax was collected. Land holding tax was waived off by Haryana Govt. since 1986.
REVENUE ADMINISTRATION AND LAND RECORDS
The unit of revenue administration is an estate which is usually identical with the village. Each of them is separately assessed to land revenue and has a separate record of right and register of fiscal and agriculture statistics. All its proprietors are by law jointly responsible for the payment of land revenue and in their dealings with government they are represented by one or more lambardars. Estate are grouped into patwar circles each of which is under the charge of a patwari. About 10 to 20 of these circles form the charge of a kanungo whose duty is to supervise the work of patwaris .
The district has been sub-divided into tahsils, kanungo circles and patwar circle as follows:-
|Sr.No.||Tahsil /Sub Tahsil||Number of Kanungo Circles||No. of Patwar Circles|
The head of the revenue administration in the district is the Collector (Deputy Commissioner) who is bound to respect and preserve from encroachment every private right in the soil which has been created or confirmed by the state. He must ensure and assist in the measures to prevent the damage to crops from causes which are in any degree controllable by man. He must encourage and assist in every effort made by a right holder for the development of his estate. The Sub-Divisional Officer (Civil) is the Assistant Collector, Ist grade. But as a measure of decentralising the revenue work the power of Collectors under certain Acts have been delegated to the Sub-Divisional Officers for their respective sub-divisions.
The Tahsildar is in charge of the tahsil for revenue work including revenue judicial work. He has to control the patwar and Kanungo agency, to collect revenue punctually, to point out promptly to the collector any failure of crops or seasonal calamity which renders suspension or remission necessary and to carry out within his own sphere other duties connected with land revenue administration. He is a touring officer and his tours afford him ample opportunities to deal, on the spot with partition cases and other matters connected with appointment of Lambardars lapses of land revenue assignments, etc.
The Patwari is inheritance from the village system of old days. He is appointed for a circle consisting of one or more villages. Besides the proper maintenance of records, the Patwari is required to report to the Tahsildar any calamity affecting land crops, cattle or the agricultural classes, and to bring to his notice alluvial and diluvial action of rivers, encroachments on government land, the death of revenue assignees and pensioners, progress of work made under the agriculture loans and similar laws and the emigration or immigration of cultivators. He undertaken survey and filled inspections help in other government activities like distribution of relief prepares the bachh (distribution of revenue over holdings) papers showing the demand due from each land over to the village jama (land revenue demand). When revenue collections are in progress he must furnish all information that may be required to facilitate the collections. He himself not permitted to take any part in the collection of the revenue except when any Lamberdar refuses to accept the dhal bachi (total demand from each land owner) and no immediate alternative arrangement can be made the Patwari is under the immediate supervision of a circle supervisor known as Kanungo is responsible for the conduct and work of Patwaris. He constantly moves about his circle, supervising the work of Patwaris, except in the month of September when he stays at tahsil headquarters to check, jamabandis received from Patwaris.
The office Kanungo is the Tahsildar’s revenue clerk. His chief work is the maintenance of the statistical revenue records. He has also the charge of the forms and stationery required by Patwaris, keeps the account of mutation fee, records the rainfall and maintains the register of assignees of land revenue and other miscellaneous revenue registers. He is the custodian of all the records received from the Patwaris. A well ordered Kanungo’s office is an important factor in the revenue management of a tahsil.
At district headquarters, there is a District or Sadar Kanungo assisted by a Naib Sadar Kanungo. The Sadar Kanungo is responsible for the efficiency of Kanungos and should be in camp inspecting their work for at least 15 days in every month from October to April. He is the keeper of all records received from Kanungos and Patwaris. He maintains with the help of his assistant, copies of the prescribed statistical registers for each assessment circle, tahsil and the whole district. The responsibility of Tahsildar and Naib Tahsildars for the inspection and correctness of the work of Kanungos and Patwaris is, however, not affected by he duties of the Sadar Kanungo.
Water rates (occupier rates) are levied on the area irrigated during each crop. The rates were revised a number of times and the last revision was made from Rabi 1948.
In most of the villages in the erstwhile Jind State of which the present Jind and Safidon tahsils were a part, the land holders had been classified as proprietors (malikan or biswadaran). In some villages, the cultivators had hereditary cultivating rights, and were callesd muzarian-i-maurusi. They were not deemed to have any proprietary rights, but had to pay a fixed rent in cash or grain as malikana to the owner. The owner had his further advantage, that he obtained possession of the land of his hereditary cultivator in the event of his death without male issue or next of kin within three generations, or if he absconded and had the right to cut trees in his holding for his dwelling house or for agricultural implements, but not for sale. In the villages belonging to the sadars, who held the position of biswadars, the tenants (muzarian-i-ghairmaurusi) had no hereditary cultivating rights and they cultivated at the will of the owners, who could eject them whenever they chose, after a harvest, unless they were admitted to the maurusis.
In the Patiala State of which Narwana tahsil formed a part, no formal enquiry in to the right of the tenants was made before the commencement of the first regular settlement. But prior to the first summary settlement of 1861-62 the agricultural population of the state was mainly composed of cultivating communities with whose members were associated persons who had not in popular estimation any claims to proprietary rights, yet cultivated the lands in their occupation on almost the same terms as the recognised proprietors who belonged to the village community and had done so for long periods. Moreover, in many cases these occupiers had been the first to break up the land in their possession and reclaim the waste (multor). They had also been accustomed to pay a share of the produce of their lands direct to the State or else to pay rent at revenue rates. Such tenants were not considered liable to ejectment, although prior to 1858, no distinction between occupancy tenants an tenants-at-will was avowedly made, and it was not until 1867 that the word maurusis became current in the State. In that year an order was issued that no person cultivating with a proprietor should be deemed a maurusi tenant and in 1872, after the passing of the Punjab tenancy Act of 1868, it was held by the State authorities that cultivators who had held continuous possession for 30 years should be deemed to be occupancy tenants. But in practice this rule was not observed, and sometimes 25 years’ possession was held sufficient to confer occupancy rights. It was at one time intended to introduce the Act of 1868 into the State and though this was never formally done, the provisions of the Act were referred to and followed in deciding tenancy cases, In the records of the summary settlements of 1875, both proprietors and tenants were promiscuously entered in one column as asamis, and as a matter of fact very few tenants cared to assert their claims to occupancy rights, believing that they would never be disturbed in their possession While on the other hand the landlords never thought of ejecting them as long as they paid their rent which was usually equal to the amount of the revenue, though in biswadari villages the rent was a fixed share of the produce, plus a serina of one or two ser per maund paid as seigniorage, with certain other cesses and menials dues. On the commencement of the first regular settlement referred to above the landlords in the pattidari and zamindari villages (especially in those of the latter which were held by ahlkars of the State) began to change the fields which had long been in the occupation of the tenants to prevent their being declared maurusis of their old holdings, ousting them in most cases without legal process and without regard to the proper time for ejectment. On the other hand, some cultivators who were out of possession since long, took advantage of the weakness of the landowners and forcibly took possession of fields which they had seldom or never cultivated. With a view to preventing these acts of violence, the Punjab Tenancy Act of 1887 was introduced in the state with modifications necessitated by local conditions, with effect from 1901. Accordingly, a tenant who immediately before the commencement of this Act had a right of occupancy in any land under any law or rule having the force of law which previous to the passing of this Act governed the relation between landlord and tenant in the Patiala State was held to have a right of occupancy in that land.
No significant change occurred in the system of holdings in the district during the first half of the 20th century. There were mainly occupancy tenants and tenants-at-will. The position changed after Independence when the government decided to introduce land reforms. The landlords feared deprivation of their land which had not been in their possession for years. They began to bring these lands under direct management. They also started partitioning their lands or transferred these in the names of relatives and friends with a view to reducing the areas to their holdings. This resulted in harassment of the tenants. It was to ameliorate the lot of harassed tenants that the government embarked upon the policy of ‘land for the tiller’ in which the ownership of the land vested with the actual tiller. To give effect to this policy of abolition of intermediaries to improve the condition of tenants, the government enacted various legislations. Since the areas comprising the Jind district were part of laws of the PEPSU (Patiala and East Punjab State Union), the laws enforced in the PEPSU were applicable to the district. The following legislations were applicable in the district :-
1. Pepsu Abolition of Ala Malikiyat and Talukdari Rights Act,1954
2. Pepsu occupancy tenants (Vesting of Proprietary Rights) Act, 1954
3. Pepsu Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act, 1955
4. Pepsu Bhoodan Yagna Act, 1955
The East Punjab Utilisation of Lands Act, 1949, the Punjab Resumption of Jagirs Act, 1957 and Punjab village Common Lands (Regulation) Act, 1961, were enforced after the merger of PEPSU with Punjab in 1956.
Under the east Punjab Utilization of Lands Act,1949 the government enforced the utilization of every inch of available cultivable land for growing more food and other essential crops. A notice to take over the land is served on every land owner who allowa his land to remain uncultivated for 6 or more consecutive harvest and the land thus taken over is leased out to other for a term ranging from 7 to 20 years, priority being given to harijans. Under the provisions of this Act, an area of 246 acres of land was taken over in this district up to March,1975.
The Pepsu Occupancy Tenants (Vesting of Properietary Rights) Act, 1954 declared all the occupancy tenants, their as the owners of the land.
The Pepsu Tenancy and Agriculture Lands Act, 1955, has been enacted with the objective of providing of security to the tenants, their settlement on the land declared surplus, fixing of a ceiling on the total holding of a land owner, etc. Under the Act,4621 standard acres of land was declared surplus by the end of March,1975 of which 902 standard acres had been allotted to 402 tenants. A surplus area of 2903 standard acres was available for allotment .The available area has been allotted to the tenants under the scheme for utilization of surplus area under the Haryana Ceiling on Land Holdings Act 1972.
The state government provides financial assistance to those tenants and landless agriculture workers who are resettled on the surplus area for reclamation purposes and also advance loans for building houses and sinking wells.
The Pepsu Bhoodan Movement the object of which is to receive donations of land and distribution these among landless persons who are capable of cultivating these personally .No land was received in donation under this Act.
The Haryana ceiling on Land Holdings Act, 1972
The Government of India appointed a Central Land Reform Committee in 1970. The committee submitted a report in 1971, following which guidelines were drawn up on the basis of the conclusions of Chief Ministers’ conference in July,1972. A policy was evolved for removing economic disparities, by making available additional land and securing its more equitable distribution among landless persons and also for enlarging the scope of employment. This could be done by further reducing the existing permissible area with a landowner. The Punjab Security of Land Tenures Act, 1953 and the Pepsu Tenancy and Agricultural Lands Act,1955, which contained inter alia provisions relating to ceilings on agricultural land holdings were in force in different parts of Haryana including the Jind district, The flaws in these Acts, which came to notice during their implementation called for amendment of their provisions. Experience had also shown that under the existing law, surplus land could not be transferred expeditiously to eligible tenants and landless persons as was intended. The increase in population had increased unemployment and this also called for making more land available to the landless persons as was intended. The breakthrough in agricultural production development of high-yielding varieties of seed and availability of other inputs like irrigation, fertilizers, etc. provided opportunity to further limit the individual holding. It was, therefore, decided to amalgamate the two Acts, in so far as the ceiling in agricultural land was concerned. A new Act called the Haryana ceiling on Land Holding Act, 1972, came into being. This has further reduced the ceiling on land and defined the family, instead of the individual, as a unit for the purpose of assessing the permissible area.
The new Act provides for a permissible ceiling of 7.25 hectares in case of land under assured irrigation, capable of growing at least two crops in a year and 10.9 hectares in case of land under assured irrigation capable of growing at least one crop in a year, whereas the ceiling in respect of land of all other types including land under orchards is 21.8 hectares. The crucial date to determine the permissible area of a person or family consisting of husband wife and their minor children excluding a married minor daughter has been fixed as January 24, 1971. It has been decided to allot the land declared surplus to eligible persons at the rate of 2 hectares of land under assured irrigation or land of equivalent value. This ceiling has been fixed keeping in view the fact that with intensive cultivation and modern agricultural practices it should be possible for the allottee to make a comfortable living with the earning from this area which has been assessed as an economic holding.
Under the Act 2434 cases was filed by the big landowners. Out of this 2431 cases have been disposed of by the end of March 2000. 2 cases are pending in the Punjab and Haryana high court Chandigarh. 6526 Acres area was declared surplus out of this area 6397 Acres area has been allotted to the 2994 beneficiaries and possession has been delivered .
Consolidation of Holdings
The process of bringing together small and fragmented pieces of land into a compact block for better and intensive cultivation is known as the consolidation of holdings. It results into enormous saving of time and resources besides facilitating farm management.
Consolidation operations in the Jind district were started in 1952 and by the end of March, 1975, the consolidation work was completed in all villages except village Malvi. As a result of consolidation operations, the production of food grains has increased.
The rainfall in the district is seasonal, scanty and subject to frequent variations. The development of irrigation remained almost stagnant during the pre-independence period. It has been reported that at the Settlement of 1897, 82% of area of whole of the Jind state was wholly dependent upon rain. The sub-soil water in major part of the district is brackish and is not conducive to the development of irrigation by wells or tube-wells.
Canal water is the major source of irrigation to the dry and parched land of the district. At some places canal water is mixed with the tube-well water to reduce the latter’s salinity. Of the total net irrigated area of the district, irrigation by canal constitutes as much as 85%.
Average rainfall in district is as below: -
|Year||Average Annual Rainfall (In Cm.)|
In 1995, total 99.6 cm rainfall took place which caused flood in the district thereby reducing the net area sown to 2,41,000 hect as compared to 2,51,000 hect in 1988-89.
The percentage of net area irrigated to net area sown increased to 90.2% from 58% of 1974-75, thus exhibiting the vast development of irrigation facility in district.
Total net area irrigated has increased to 2,21,000 hect. in 1996-97 as compared to 1,63,000 hect. in 1994-95 due to development of irrigation facility. Out of it, 1,37,000 hect is irrigated by canal 74,000 hect. by tubewells and 10,000 hect. by other means in 96-97.
Gross irrigated area of the district has reached to 3,99,000 hect in 96-97 which is 90.3% to the total cropped area.
Wells and Tubewells:- In the beginning of the present century the area under well irrigation was insignificant and only a few gardens were irrigated from wells and that too in towns only.
The area irrigated by tubewells has increased from 24,000 in 1974-75 to 74,000 hect in 1996-97 which shows the development of tubewells in district.
DISTRICT RED CROSS SOCIETY
There are several social service organizations in the district which function on a voluntary basis with or without support of government. They perform varied activities of public welfare.
The activities of the Red Cross Society are directed mainly towards the improvement of health, prevention of diseases and mitigation of sufferings. These include an extended sphere of social service like hospital welfare, community health and sanitation relief to defence personnel, maternity and child welfare, emergency relief of all kinds, training of doctors, lady health visitors, mid-wives, nurses, dais, etc.
The District Red Cross Society, Jind, was established in 1967. It is affiliated to the Haryana State Branch of the Indian Red Cross Society.
It has started two maternity and child health centres at Safidon and Uchana. Besides, it maintanins 5 trained dai centres at Siwana, Kelram, Sanghan, Safidon and Uchana. The society takes keen interest in blood collection and its donation to the needy and deserving persons in the district.
The Society maintains Ambulance Car each at Jind and Narwana for the transportation of serious case from one place to another. It provides free lift to persons who cannot pay the charges of the van on the recommendations of the Medical officer in-charge of the hospital. It arranges first-aid training classes regularly.
HOSPITAL WELFARE SECTION
This section established in 1967, is affiliated to the District Red Cross Society. It is also affiliated to State Hospital Welfare Section. In 1975, it had 710 members, it undertakes hospital welfare work which includes free supply of medicines, food, clothing, magazines, books, etc. to needy patients in hospital/health centres. The members visit the hospitals off and on and render necessary help to the needy indoor patients. The difficulties experienced by the patients are brought to the notice of hospital authorities. Artificial limbs are also arranged. During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, the members collected cash donations and gifts worth Rs. 8,000 for the welfare of the military personnel. During 1972,18 sewing machines were arranged for the widows of war heroes of the district and a sum of Rs. 5,000 was given to the Dharmarth Netra Chikitshala, Uchana as donation for medicines
DISTRICT RELIEF FUND COMMITTEE
The District Relief Fund Committee, Jind, was constituted during 1967-68. Besides the Deputy Commissioner as its Chairmen, there are six official members and two non-official members. Its aim is to raise funds on a voluntary basis and render service to other institutions engaged in the service of humanity and also to the deserving needy individuals. It renders financial assistance to the District Red Cross Society, Saket Council, Chief Minister’s Fund, Kusht Nirvan Sangh, Haryana Child Welfare Council and the poor, blind, dead and needy persons and other deserving institutions. The assistance given to the individuals varies according to the needs of each case. It contributes to associations and institutions for the purpose approved by the government. It extends help to ward off some natural calamities like floods, famines, fire, etc. to raise funds, it organizes sports meets, functions and other events. Some cultural programmers are also arranged by it for the purpose.
DISTRICT COUNCIL FOR CHILD WELFARE
The District Council for Child Welfare, Jind, was established on April 1, 1971. It is a branch of the Haryana State Council for Child Welfare, Chandigarh. Its main objectives are to promote the welfare of the children up to the age of six years and to educate the public in child welfare work. It encourages children through competition in story writing, art, sports and celebrates the Children’s Day. The main sources of the income of the council are subscriptions, donations and grants from Haryana State Council for Child Welfare, Chandigarh, Indian council for Child Welfare and the District Relief Fund.