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HISTORICAL BACK GROUND

 

  Before the middle of the nineteenth century only the indigenous system of education existed in the Jind District. The indigenous schools were of different types e.g. pathsala dharamsala, chatsalas and maktabs. Special religious instruction was given in pathasalas., dharamsala where pupils where mainly brahman boys. In chatsalas padhas (Teacher) taught Mahajan boys to read and write  lande and to learn accountiong. The maktabs were the person or Arabic school & were of two kind, the one where only the kuran  was learnt and the other where Arbic was taught. The method in these indigenous schools were crude and pupils were subjected to monotonous repetitive oral drill and loud recitation for hours.

 

          No serious efforts were made by the princely state authorities till the close of 19th century when a few upper primary and vernacular middle schools were opened at Jind, Safidon & Narwana. These schools were later remodelled  on Punjab educational system but  there was hardly any progress. In 1950-51 there were just seven high Schools, 14 Middle Schools and 64 Primary Schools. Before Independence, education of girls remained neglected and was also looked upon with disfavour. Whatever little, the girls were taught was confined to religious instruction. In 1950-51 , there was only one high school for girls at Jind and 3 Primary Schools for girls, 2 at Jind and one at Narwana. Things started changing there after & more attention was paid to education & 1955-56, there were 11 high schools (10 boys & 1 girls), 23 middle schools (20 boys & 3 girls) & 191 Primary schools (179 boys & 12 girls). However, there was no college in the Distt. The first college in the distt was opened at Jind in 1960 and another at Narwana in 1966-67. On the formation of Haryana there were two colleges, 26 High schools, 42 Middle schools and 206 Primary schools in the Distt. The progress of education was faster after the formation of Haryana & at present  i.e. 1999-2000, 6 Colleges, 41 Senior Secondary Schools, 136 High Schools 74 Middle Schools & 464 Primary Schools are running in the Distt. Of these 10 Senior Secodary Schools, 22 High Schools & 20 Middle Schools, 138 Primary Schools are for girls. The girls are also allowed in boys Schools.

 

 

EDUCATIONAL SET UP

                       According to the re-organised set up which came into force on May 8,1963, the District Education Officer was made responsible for the administration of all kinds of primary, middle, high & higher secondary schools for boys & girls. The District Education Officer, Jind is assisted by one Deputy Education Officer (if the District Education Officer is a male the Deputy Education officer, has to be female, 3 Sub Divisional Education Officers, 7 Block Education Officers, 1 Assistant Education Officer for Physical Education Officer, 1 Assistant counsellor for vocational guidance. In March 1989  District Primary Education Officer was established in the district as the controller of primary schools in the district.

 

Per-Primary Schools

          After 1966 the Government took initiative to provide education to the little children at the Pre-Primary stage. A Pre-Primary school is run at Narwana by the Govt. In the rural areas, the Central Social Welfare Board & Community Development Department run 15 Bal Wadis and 806 Anganwadis centers which look after the little children.

                       

          There are three voluntary institutions namely Bal Bhawan at Jind, Bal Bhawan at Safidon, Bal Bhawan at Narwana. They provide recreational educational & developmental facilities to the children through modern methods i.e. play way, learning by doing & Montessary methods. All these institutions are aided financially by the Govt.

 

Primary & Middle Schools

          The course of primary education covering a period of 5 years was made compulsory on April 1961. Primary schools are co-educational & teachers are provided at the pupil teacher ratio of 49:1. In 1999-2000, there are 465 primary schools and these are almost evenly distributed all over the distt.

          The Middle schools consist of classes VI to VIII. The pupil teacher ratio of 40:1 has been adopted for this stage and education is free in all Govt. schools. In 1999-2000 there are 74 middle schools in the District.

 

          The medium of instruction is Hindi. Hindi is taught as the first compulsory language and as medium of instruction from class Ist. English is taught from 6th class as 2nd compulsory language from 6th class. Certain safe guards have also been provided for linguistic minorities. The provision for teaching of Urdu/Punjabi as an additional subject (in addition to Hindi) from the Ist primary class is made if there are `10 students in a class or 40 in primary schools or primary department of a middle/high/senior secondary schools, desirous of studying this language. But the medium of instruction & the first language even for these students remains Hindi. Those schools which had Punjabi as medium of instructions at the time of formation of Haryana were allowed to continue with the Punjabi medium.

 

Senior Secondary Schools

          The policy of starting senior secondary schools with diversified elective groups (humanity, science, commerce, agriculture, fine Arts, Home science and technical) was adopted in the year 1957 . Many high schools are being converted into the senior secondary pattern. At present 41 senior secondary schools are running in the distt.

 

          To encourage the education of boys and girls upto 8th class education is free for all boys students and for the girl students education is free upto the 12th class. For boys who belong to poor family half fee concession is allowed upto 12th class.

 

          The student belonging to the scheduled caste and other backward classes who are studying in 6th to 8th classes, a stipend at the rate of Rs. 15/- P.M. is paid to all students and who are studying in 9th and 10th classes are paid stipend @Rs. 40/- and the students who are studying in 11th & 12th classes are paid @Rs. 60/- P.M. stipend under the pre-matric scheme is awarded to the students (from classes 6-12) whose parents engaged in cleanliness occupation.

 

          In primary schools @Rs.10/-per students P.A. is given to the scheduled caste and weaker section students for stationery and Rs.10/-to the girls students on the basis of 70% attendance. Free uniform to the Harijan girl students is also provided up 12th class.

 

          In 1999-2000, there are 6991 boys & 2286 girls in senior secondary schools, 10176 Boys and 5841 girls in the High schools, 20615 boys and 15476 girls in middle schools and 59100 boys and 56961 girls are studying in primary schools.

 

Colleges

          There are six colleges in the Distt. 3 run by Govt, and 3 run by privately-managed bodies.

 

Govt. College Jind:- The college came into existence in 1960 with the name public college, Jind as a result o f the untiring efforts and long cherished desire of the people of this area. In 1961, it was taken over by the Govt. and came to be known as Govt. College, Jind.

          The college was shifted to a new spacious building on Jind Gohana road in January 1971. It has vast playground for various sports.

       

It is affiliated to Kurukshetra university, Kurukshetra for ( Humanities, Science and Commerce) for B.A./B.Sc./B.Com & M.A.(Hindi, English, Economics) and M.Com. There are 3465 students (2885 boys and 580 girls) on its roll in the year 1999-2000. The strength of  teaching staff is 99 including 27 women. It has a library having 61865 books and subscribes to 40 periodicals and journals

 

Chhotu Ram Kisan College, Jind:- It was started by the Kisan Education Society, Jind, in 1972. It is situated in the west of the city by the side of western Yamuna (Jamuna) canal (Hansi Branch).

          The college is affiliated to Board of School Education Haryana Bhiwani for 10+1 and 10+2 classes and is affiliated to Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra for degree classes. It has a library having 21125 books  and subscribes to 40 periodicals & journals.

          There are 1554 students including 33 girls in its roll in 1999-2000. The strength of teaching staff is 38.

 

Hindu Kanya Mahavidalya Jind :-  The institution was started in 1971 and is situated in the heart of the city. It is affiliated to the Board of schools Education Bhiwani for the classes 10+1 and 10+2 and is affiliated to Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra for degree classes. There are 1532 students in its roll in the year 1999-2000. It has a library having 32754 books and subscribes to 34 periodicals and journals. The strength of the teaching staff is 34.

 

Kamla Memorial Govt. College Narwana :- This college was established in 1966, and is situated on Jind-Patiala road. It was taken over by the Govt. in the year 1979-80. It is affiliated to Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra for degree classes. The college has 1570 students in its roll in the year 1999-2000. The strength of and subscribes to 34 journals and periodicals.

 

Sanatan Dharam Mahila Mahavidalya Narwana :- This  college was started in Sept. 1967. The college is now housed in its own spacious building situated on the court road. It is affiliated to Kurukshetra university Kurukshetra for degree classes. It has library with 21738 books.

          It has extensive playground for volley ball, badminton, hockey and basket-ball.

 

Govt. College Safidon ;- This college was started in July, 1976. It is situated on the main Safidon-Jind road. This college is affiliated to Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra for degree classes. There are 998 students in its roll including 259 girl students. It has a library witih 17267 books and 21 journals. The strength of teaching staff is 46 including 12 females.

 

Professional and Technical Education

 

          Inspite of the rapid strides in the field of science and technology the district is without a medical college, and law college. Only one Engineering college is in the district. However, there are four teachers training centers in district.

 

Jind Engineering. College

 

Technical Education and Industrial Training

 

          At present two Industrial institutions are running in the district and 16 vocational educational institutions are in the district. These institutions ensure a steady flow of skilled workers in different engineering and non-engineering trades. The period of training ranges from one year to two years for different trades. The successful trainees are awarded the National Trade certificates of all India Council of Vocational Training, New Delhi. Incentives are provided by way of award of stipend of Rs. 45 per month per student on poverty cum- merit basis and Rs 75/- to the students belonging to scheduled castes. The ex-servicemen and their dependents are also awarded stipend for training. The medical aid, workshop clothes and hostel accommodation are provided free of cost to all trainees.

 

Social Education

 

          Prior to Independence, little attention was paid to adult education. In 1954, however, government became conscious of this social need and opened some social education centres in the villages.

          The centres are opened in the villages at the request of the panchayats which arranged for the accommodation. The efficient running of the social education centres in the district is looked after by a Supervisor appointed by the office of the District Education Officer, Jind.

          It is arranged that the men folk receive free education from 6 P.m. to 11 P.m. and women between 10 a.m, to 3 p.m. so that there is little interference in the routine of village life. Vocational knowledge is also imparted to the adults in order to increase the earning capacity of the village.

 

 

Sanskrit Institutions

 

          There are six institutions in the district which prepare students for examination in courses of Sanskrit studies. The datails of each institution are discussed below :-

 

1. Shri Lajja Ram Sanskrit pathshala, Pandu Pindarn :- Established in 1968 the institution is affiliated to the Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra for Visharad and Shastri. In 1999-2000, there are 150 students on roll. The strength of the teachers is nine.

The institution has a small library. Free boarding and lodging is provided to the students.

 

2. Shri Som Nath Sanskrit Mahavidyala Jind :- The Institution was started in 1970-71. It is affiliated to the Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra for Visharad and Shastri. In 1999-2000, there are 209 students in its roll and has only six teachers. It has a small library.

 

3. Shri Brahman Sanskrit Mahavidyala, Ram Rai :- The Institution was established in 1963 and is affiliated to the Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra for Visharad and Shastri. In 1999-2000, there are 150 students in its roll and has eight teachers. The institution has a small library. Free boarding is provided to the students.

 

4. Shri Vidya Sharm Pracharak Sanskrit Hindi Mahavidyala Julana :- The institution was started in 1952 and is affiliated to the Kurukshetra University Kurukshetra for Visharad and Shastri. In 1999-2000, there are 126 students in its roll. There are five teachers in its strength. The institution has a small library, playground and a swimming tank.

 

5. Kanya Gurukul Vidyala, Shadipur, Julana :- This institution was started in 1960 as a primary school. In 1999-2000 426 Girl students are studying in this institution. Total Number of teaching staff is 16 including four male members. The institution has a small library with 816 books and one journal.

 

6. Kanya Gurukul, Ganda Khera :- This institution was established in year 1984. This institution is only for girl students. In the 1999-2000 strength of the students is 219 and strength of the teaching staff is 17. There is a small library with 2112 books.

 

 

National Cadet Corps

 

National cadet crops (N.C.C.) was introduced in the educational programme in 1948 to develop the qualities of leadership, unity and discipline. Later in July, 1963, after the Chinese aggression, it was made compulsory for all under-graduate students except handicapped at the collage level. The N.C.C. was no longer compulsory after 1968 when two other programmes, i.e. N.S.S. and Sports were introduced as alternatives. Training in N.C.C. is imparted regularly during academic sessions and through out door camps.

          The headquarters of the 15 Haryana battalion, located at Karnal, were shifted to Jind in 1974 and came under the N.C.C. group Headquarters, Rohtak in may 1975.

          The following educational institution in the district have senior and junior divisions which fall within the jurisdiction of the battalion for the N.C.C. purposes.

 

          Senior Division                                                 Junior Division

1. S.D. Sr. Sec.School, Jind.          1. Govt. Sr.Sec.School Jind.

2. Govt. Collage, Jind.                   2. -----------Do--------- Julana.

3. C.R.K. Collage, Jind.                  3. -----------Do--------- Safidon.

4. Govt. Collage, Narwana             4. -----------Do--------- Narwana.

5. I.T.I. Narwana.                        5. S.D. High School, Jind.

                                                6. Jat High School, Jind.

                                                7. Navodiya Vidhyalaya Khunga Kothi.

                                                8. S.D. Sr. Sec. School, Narwana.

                                                9. Arya Sr. Sec. School, Narwana.

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